When tragic events happen, no matter how far away from us they are, it’s hard not to pay attention. Many of us empathise with the people in these situations and wonder how we can get involved, or if there’s anything we can do to help.
Over the past few years, we’ve borne witness to a series of pivotal global events, from the COVID pandemic to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, as well as many natural disasters. Just when it seemed that things could not get worse, Hamas launched an attack on Israel.
With so many tragedies following so closely after one another, some of us may be finding that as much as we want to engage with what’s going on, we have no more sympathy left to give and would rather switch off from what’s going on around us.
If you’ve been feeling this way, just know it doesn’t mean you lack sympathy for others. Rather, it may be a sign that you have “compassion fatigue”.
Compassion fatigue is a stress response that results in feelings of apathy or indifference towards those who are suffering.
This phenomenon is particularly common in healthcare. Health and social workers may be particularly prone because the nature of their work often means sharing the emotional burden of their patients.
Psychologists have also found that people with certain personality types may be at higher risk of experiencing compassion fatigue. For instance, people who tend to hold their emotions in, but are prone to pessimism and worrying, are more susceptible.
The term is also increasingly used to describe a general desensitisation of public concern for social problems.
But why, as journalism professor Susan Moeller writes in her book Compassion Fatigue, do we “seem to care less and less about the world around us” – even when the news stories and images we see are so haunting and shocking?
Science offers us one explanation, and that is that an excess of compassion can lead to depression, burnout and feeling overwhelmed. Compassion fatigue acts as a “survival strategy” to overcome being exposed to the suffering of others.
The media may also partly play a role in this phenomenon. Many publications are aware that when there’s a cascade of crises, our level of concern appears to diminish.
So, publications strive to capture attention with increasingly vivid content to keep viewers engaged. According to Moeller, journalists do this by discarding events that lack drama or lethality compared to previous ones, or by employing bolder language and imagery in their stories.
This is then paired with near-constant exposure to the news – our phones giving us ready access to catastrophes and world events as they happen. This intensified and recurrent exposure to ever more vivid, distressing events creates an ideal environment for compassion fatigue to surface.
Regardless of the reasons you may be experiencing compassion fatigue, it isn’t a permanent phenomenon. There are many techniques you can use to cope and overcome it. Here are some.
Don’t feel guilty for feeling disengaged from the news. It’s normal to find it distressing when hearing traumatic news stories, or seeing distressing images.
Knowing and accepting that this is a normal response given the circumstances is the initial step to overcoming compassion fatigue.
2. Set boundaries
Take charge of your news intake by deactivating notifications and controlling when and how often you engage with it. Not only can this improve feelings of compassion fatigue, it may also have other benefits.
For example, excessive social media use can disrupt sleep, so managing news consumption, especially before bedtime, can help.
3. Slow down
Witnessing others’ suffering can trigger stress responses in our body, including an accelerated heart rate.
If you find you’re feeling anxious or stressed when consuming news, relaxation techniques, such as meditation and deep breathing, can help.
Loving-kindness meditation may be particularly helpful for improving wellbeing and compassion. This meditation technique involves focusing on the positive and cultivating feelings of love, compassion and goodwill towards oneself and others.
4. Connect with nature
Taking a walk in nature can help reduce stress levels. This may also help to alleviate compassion fatigue, as elevated cortisol levels (known as the “stress hormone”) are linked to chronic stress, burnout and emotional stress – all of which can worsen compassion fatigue.
5. Be nurturing
Caring for plants or pets profoundly affects wellbeing. Nurturing living things fosters personal fulfilment, and companion animals can reduce negative emotions, mitigating some of the effects of compassion fatigue.
6. Take action
Try addressing problems you can solve instead of dwelling on insurmountable issues. Volunteering might be one way to do this. It’s also linked to better mental and physical wellbeing.
These concrete actions can restore a sense of agency, reducing the helplessness associated with compassion fatigue.
7. Seek support
If you’re finding it difficult to cope or your compassion fatigue has been happening for some time, you might consider seeking support. A specialist or therapist may be helpful, but guided videos, tutorials or online meditation resources can also work.
Hopefully, by implementing these tools, you can reclaim agency over your emotions, accept them and work towards restoring your wellbeing.